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UAE

 

Languages: Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu

Ethnicity/race: Emiri 19%, other Arab and Iranian 23%, South Asian 50%, other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians) 8% (1982)

Religions: Islam 96% (Sunni 80%, Shiite 16%), Christian, Hindu, and other 4% Literacy rate: 78% (2003 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2009 est.): $201.4 billion; per capita $42,000.

Real growth rate: –3.5%.

Inflation: 1.5%. Unemployment: 2.4% (2001). Arable land: 1%.

Agriculture: dates, vegetables, watermelons; poultry, eggs, dairy products; fish.

Labor force: 3.065 million; note: 73.9% of the population in the 15–64 age group is non-national; services 78%, industry 15%, agriculture 7% (2000 est.).

Industries: petroleum and petrochemicals; fishing, aluminum, cement, fertilizers, commercial ship repair, construction materials, some boat building, handicrafts, textiles.

Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas.

Exports: $174 billion (2009 est.): crude oil 45%, natural gas, re-exports, dried fish, dates.

Imports: $141 billion (2009 est.): machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food.

Major trading partners: Japan, South Korea, India, Thailand, China, Germany, UK, France, U.S. (2004).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 915,223 (1998); mobile cellular: 1 million (1999). Radio broadcast stations: AM 13, FM 7, shortwave 2 (1998). Radios: 820,000 (1997). Television broadcast stations: 15 (1997). Televisions: 310,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000). Internet users: 900,000 (2002). Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 4,835 km; paved: 1,088 km; unpaved: 0 km (1999 est.). Ports and harbors: ‘Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Das Island, Khawr Fakkan, Mina’ Jabal ‘Ali, Mina’ Khalid, Mina’ Rashid, Mina’ Saqr, Mina’ Zayid, Umm al Qaywayn. Airports: 41 (2002).

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